# Shading and perspective basics: How to draw a a cube with and without vanishing point

*by*Lennart

In this tutorial, you will learn how to draw a three-dimensional cube using two perspective concepts. Technically, a cube is a three-dimensional body with six squares as sides and eight corners. These need to be shown correctly in the drawing in terms of perspective.

## Required Material

- HB Pencil
- 4B Pencil
- Eraser
- Geometric tool

## Instruction 1: How to draw a cube without construction lines

You can also draw a cube with the correct perspective without constructing a horizon line and vanishing point.

### Step 1

Draw the front of the cube as a square with four sides of equal length. Draw a square behind it with a slightly shortened side length.

### Step 2

Connect all four corners of the front square with the corresponding corners of the back square. These four lines form the four missing edges of the cube so that you can examine the whole cube in front of you.

### Step 3

Erase the redundant guidelines. Edges and areas of the background square that are not visible at the front of the cube should now be erased.

### Step 4

Draw the outer lines stronger again.

### Step 5

Use hatching to shade the surfaces of the cube. This depends on where you want to choose your light source. If – as in our case – it mainly hits the front of the cube, this side is the brightest to shade.

The sides become darker towards the back.

**Become a pro at shading:**Draw a sphere

## Instruction 2: How to draw a cube with a vanishing point

### Step 1

Determine a horizon line and the vanishing point. Draw the front of the cube on any place on your paper.

### Step 2

Connect all four corners of the front square to the vanishing point. These lines are also called vanishing lines.

Then draw the backside of the cube with its four sides on the vanishing lines of the front side to align them in the correct perspective.

### Step 3

Starting from the vanishing point, you can draw perspective cubes anywhere on your drawing paper. We have constructed two more cubes in a different perspective.

### Step 4

Erase the redundant lines and redraw the visible edges.